List of Linux Distros

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A model of Linux system is called a distro.

Composition: It has the Linux "kernel" - a set of commands that controls/manages all other packages (like brain in a human being), GNU [website: gnuDOTorg] and or KDE [website: kdeDOTorg] software, additional software (that is considered necessary/useful), "documentation" (a detailed guideline on all aspects of packages/system) and a graphic and/or command line environment. Only free and open-source software is given. Usually "drivers" ie., scripts for running/controlling (most commonly used computer parts/accessories) hardware are also included. There are "repositories" or "mirrors" (websites working like storage places) for all kinds of software. More software can be added by the user as per requirements.

More popular distributions: Hundreds of Linux distros are available. Usually they have branched off from existing popular distros as a measure of specialisation- for use in "desktops" (individual systems), for "servers" (master machines serving a large number of units), security, rescue operations, multi-media, web servers and embedded drivers. Some are on commercial (payment) basis- (Red Hat, Centos, SUSE, Ubuntu) and others are maintained by groups consisting of volunteers- (Debian, Slackware, Gentoo and Arch Linux). The methodology of using, downloading, installing and using may differ but the underlying logic is same.

The logic, basic system, commands are essentially the same. The variety is due to specialisation, diversity of opinions and options.

For more details visit the websites of distrowatchDOTcom, livecdlistDOTcom, fsfDOTorg, the concerned distros and the individual applications.

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