Linux Tools

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Linux has a large number of commands which complete big processes in one step. All of them have modifiers- which take care of specialised needs.Some of the tools are listed below.

1. Sort: With relevant modifiers added any data can be sorted in the requireds order.

2. ImageMagick: This programme has excellent facilities for dealing with images. It enables images to be modified- in format, shape and size. It enables merger of images- one beside another or one below another either retaining original images or by replacing them. There numerous other facilities. It is installed by default in all linux distros- if it is not installed, can be easily downloaded and installed from wwwDOTimagemagickDOTorg. Pl see the documentation- for relevant commands such as convert, append, mogrify and so on. The commands are invoked directly on commandline.

3. Gimp: Specialised utility for dealing with images.The size of images can be reduced, the shape, size and uality o image can be adjusted as required retaining original file. Texts can be in the images as required. All major linux distros have gimp loaded by default.If it is not loaded, can be downloaded and installed from wwwDOTgimpDOTorg. Another such utility is okular.

4. Gedit or nano: Gedit command opens text editor. It is a simple editor- with utf-8 compatability. Nano editor is also esy to operate and has all the features needed..but does not display utf-8 characters correctly.

5. Apache Web Server: HTTP server - as the Apache web server is called blends with Linux system seamlessly. The mode of operation will differ from distro to distro but basic system is same. Pl see the documentation for using its rich features. If needed and resources in terms of bandwidth, hardware are available webservers can be run easily. Even if web site is not hosted, it can be used as off-site web site, for checking out files.

6. Back up/recovery: Linux has got good tools for backup/recovery of data. Rsync is one such an utility. It is very good and easy to operate system. Back up can be taken and stored in remote sites and loaded back to rerun the system. Apart from rsync there are other utilities also.

7. Data bases For dealing with databases- there are free and effecient solutions. MySql or if you prefer MariaDB will handle the load.

8. Compression tools There are several compression tools, both for text, data and video. For very huge files there are utilities like rzip, lrzip, and lzip.

9.Audio/Video utilities: Linux has professional quality utilities for playing, recording, editing and storing audio files. These are completely free. Audacity (available from wwwDOTaudacityteamDOTorg) , Rosegarden (available from wwwDOTtwocowsDOTcom), and Ardour (available from wwwDOTardourDOTorg) are some of the more widely used utilites for audio recording. These are available from wwwDOTsourceforgeDOTnet and wwwDOTlinuxDOTsoftpediaDOTcom). Byzanz (available from wwwDOTlinuxDOTdieDOTnet), kazam (available from wwwDOTpkgsDOTorg),Blender (wwwDOTblenderDOTorg). VLC, XMMS, xine are some of the best multimedia players. In fact there are dedicated multimedia distros- io GNU/LINUX(wwwDOTgnuDOTorg), dyne:bolic (wwwDOTdyneDOTorg). The best part is that there is a tool ffmpeg that can compress multimedia files to almost one-third/one-fifth of original size by adjusting frame rate, size of screen, and bitrates of audio.

10. Advanced facilities For very large enterprises there are facilities which protect the system (like RAID), and speed up and maintain the system- (load sharing, parallel computing).

All these tools/facilities are totally free, and professionally good. There is full documentation and community support.

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